Minimally invasive surgery entails substantial benefits for both the patient and the surgeon. Nevertheless, before undergoing this procedure in one of our LA locations, your cardiac condition needs to be properly evaluated in order to determine whether you are eligible for minimally invasive surgery.
Thus, your physician will ask you to go through some of the following tests and examination procedures, depending on the specific health issue you suffer from:
Almost every heart-related condition, disease or defect can be resolved by minimally invasive surgery. Nevertheless, cardiac affections which are very severe or extremely complex cannot generally be cured by this treatment procedure, as a larger incision is required to gain proper access to your chest cavity and attend to the problem.
Unlike traditional cardiovascular surgery, during which the chest cavity is completely open, minimally invasive approaches entail one incision of 3 to 4 inches. If you are a suitable candidate for minimally invasive surgery and decide to undergo this procedure, you will first receive general anesthesia. Depending on which segment of the heart requires attention, the incision may be made on the side of your chest, between the ribs, or across your breastbone. A cardiac arrest might be induced before attending to the problem so as to grant the surgeon more precision, in which case your breathing and blood circulation will be artificially maintained by a heart-lung machine.
The surgeon performs a repair, removal, or replacement process by inserting the adequate medical instruments through the incision, while a fiber optic camera permanently offers the operating team a detailed, three-dimensional perspective of your heart and the adjacent tissues in your chest cavity. After the cardiac defect or condition is properly taken care of, your incision will be closed with stitches and a sterile dressing will be covering your wound until it heals completely.
Minimally invasive surgery can be successfully undergone by patients whose heart condition is not extremely severe or complex. People who have had multiple complex surgical interventions in the past may also not be suitable candidates for this procedure. Therefore, if the patient is eligible for the procedure, the following cardiac affections can be efficiently treated by minimally invasive surgery, as well as numerous others:
It is worthy of note that minimally invasive cardiac surgery implies a series of considerable benefits for the patient, including:
Due to the minimally invasive nature of this type of surgery, you will spend less time in the hospital after the intervention. You will be discharged within 2 to 5 days, depending on the condition for which you underwent surgery. While hospitalized, you will receive a similar treatment as patients who had open-heart surgery: you will be first moved to the intensive care unit, where doctors will constantly monitor your vital signals, and you will also be intubated for one or two days until you are able to eat, drink and use the restroom on your own. Pain relieving medications and antibiotics are part of the recovery process as well, although the pain you will feel will not be very intense.
Your recovery will be complete within several weeks following surgery. In order to speed up the recovery process and prevent postoperative complications, you will be advised to take into account some of these aspects: